Scriptural Origin of the Teachings About the Nine Manifestations?

djg

Jul 2017
78
Denver, CO
What is the scriptural origin of the Baha'i teachings that the nine Manifestations of God have been Moses, Abraham, Jesus, Mohammed, Krishna, Buddha, Zoroaster, the Bab, and Baha'u'llah?
 
Jul 2017
65
Germany
There is no definite list of Manifestations. There are quite a lot enumerations and the Guardian affirms nine religions originating from divine revelation that still are known to us. But that does not mean they are the only ones.

"Blessed souls whether Moses, Jesus, Zoroaster, Krishna, Buddha, Confucius, or Muhammad were the cause of the illumination of the world of humanity. How can we deny such irrefutable proof? How can we be blind to such light?"
'Abdu'l-Bahá - From a Persian Tablet

"The Manifestations of Universal Prophethood Who appeared independently are, for example, Abraham, Moses, Christ, Muhammad, The Bab and Bahá'u'lláh."
'Abdu'l-Bahá - Some Anwered Question, p. 165

"The number nine, which in itself is the number of perfection, is considered by the Bahá'ís as sacred because it is symbolic of the perfection of the Bahá'í Revelation, which constitutes the ninth in the line of existing religions, the latest and fullest Revelation which mankind has ever known. The eighth is the Religion of the Báb, and the remaining seven are: Hinduism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Islám and the religion of the Sabaeans. These religions are not the only true religions that have appeared in the world, but are the only ones which are still existing."
From a letter written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi, 28 July 1936

"The nine religions to which you have referred include both the Bábí and the Bahá'í Dispensations, Bahá'u'lláh being the ninth Prophet in the series. The other Prophets included are Zoroaster, Krishna, Moses, the Christ, Muhammad, Buddha, the Prophet of the Sabaeans Whose name is unrecorded, the Báb and Bahá'u'lláh."
From a letter written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi, 13 July 1938
 
Jun 2014
1,086
Wisconsin
There is no definite list of Manifestations. There are quite a lot enumerations and the Guardian affirms nine religions originating from divine revelation that still are known to us. But that does not mean they are the only ones.

"Blessed souls whether Moses, Jesus, Zoroaster, Krishna, Buddha, Confucius, or Muhammad were the cause of the illumination of the world of humanity. How can we deny such irrefutable proof? How can we be blind to such light?"
'Abdu'l-Bahá - From a Persian Tablet

"The Manifestations of Universal Prophethood Who appeared independently are, for example, Abraham, Moses, Christ, Muhammad, The Bab and Bahá'u'lláh."
'Abdu'l-Bahá - Some Anwered Question, p. 165

"The number nine, which in itself is the number of perfection, is considered by the Bahá'ís as sacred because it is symbolic of the perfection of the Bahá'í Revelation, which constitutes the ninth in the line of existing religions, the latest and fullest Revelation which mankind has ever known. The eighth is the Religion of the Báb, and the remaining seven are: Hinduism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Islám and the religion of the Sabaeans. These religions are not the only true religions that have appeared in the world, but are the only ones which are still existing."
From a letter written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi, 28 July 1936

"The nine religions to which you have referred include both the Bábí and the Bahá'í Dispensations, Bahá'u'lláh being the ninth Prophet in the series. The other Prophets included are Zoroaster, Krishna, Moses, the Christ, Muhammad, Buddha, the Prophet of the Sabaeans Whose name is unrecorded, the Báb and Bahá'u'lláh."
From a letter written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi, 13 July 1938
Sort of a tangent, but interestingly I've been reading on the subject of Hermes Trismegastus, a Greek monotheist and prophet considered by some to be the "father of philosophy" in Baha'u'llah's writings.

He remained influential in medieval Christian and Islamic societies. In Christiandom the Hermeticists viewed him as a prophet from Greece who predated Christ and incorporated his teachings alongside Christ's. In the Islamic world, interestingly enough, a group of Hermes-followers convinced the Caliph that they were following the religion of God created by the Prophet Idris as mentioned in the Quran, which they said was the Arabic form of Hermes, and identified themselves with the Sabaeans of the Quran.

From there the teachings of Hermes spread throughout the Islamic World understood by scholars to be the teachings of Idris.

I'd be skeptical of such an association, even though they convinced a Caliph that this was the case, since it seems like a thing they invented merely to continue practicing their own religion in peace under the rule of the Caliph...

...Except that Baha'u'llah seems to confirm the identity of Hermes/Idris in his Lawh Basít al-Haqíqat, the Tablet on the Uncompounded Reality: "The first person who devoted himself to philosophy was Idrís. Thus was he named. Some called him also Hermes. In every tongue he hath a special name. He it is who hath set forth in every branch of philosophy thorough and convincing statements."

Which, given that statement equating Idris to Hermes, might mean that the claim of the "Sabaeans" to the Caliph was correct, which might mean that, unbeknownst to Shoghi Effendi, the name of the Sabaean prophet might indeed have been recorded.