Hi, Maryamr.As I was studying now a Baha'i website in Persian language, i found something interesting which made me want to ask a question now.
there it was written that when Jesus Christ came as the prophet to guide human beings, many Jews failed to realize His holiness and His great mission. why? because in Jew's holy book there are mentioned some signs which should be used to realize the coming of the promised one. among those signs are such things as:
-the world will be full of peace. at that time there would be peace even among animals so that lion, tiger, goats, sheep, hen and eagle will live together in peace.
-if a child puts his hands in an snake's mouth, this won't harm him.
-there will flow rivers of milk and honey from Jerusalem.
-the Promised one must be one of the children of David.
-He will continue spreading the laws of Torah without any change
-He should build the third temple
* at that time "Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall man learn war anymore."
-Spread universal knowledge of the God of Israel, which will unite humanity as one. As it says: "God will be King over all the world—on that day, God will be One and His Name will be One".
these are only some few signs. yet there are many more signs and all of them are VERY similar to those signs promised in Bible and also In Quran.
now the question is IF Christians have not took the signs in Torah symbolically and if they have not simply followed the will of their ancestors then how is it that some Jews were successful in recognizing the truthfulness of the message of Jesus Christ and yet they cannot recognize exactly, exactly, exactly the same matter in Islam and then in Baha'i faith?
how is it that Christians nowadays reject Islam and Baha'i for the sake of exactly the same signs which they have rejected/found the truth of in Torah?
my question can be applied to the same extent to Muslims as well. those who for the sake of unfulfilled signs reject Baha'i.
I would be glad if any Muslim or Christians here can help me know the truth
I think these are excellent questions which reflect some deep thought and contemplation on your part. Faith and reason must walk hand in hand.
From the Christian perspective, the signs you list above will not come to pass until Jesus returns in glory to rule the world as our King. While he has already defeated evil, sin, and death in eternity through his sacrifice, it will not be realized in time until his return. And it will not be realized until all of Israel recognizes Jesus as the Messiah.
This, from the Catechism of the Catholic Church (Paragraphs 671-674):
"Though already present in his Church, Christ’s reign is nevertheless yet to be fulfilled “with power and great glory” by the king’s return to earth. This reign is still under attack by the evil powers, even though they have been defeated definitively by Christ’s Passover. Until everything is subject to him, “until there be realized new heavens and a new earth in which justice dwells, the pilgrim Church, in her sacraments and institutions, which belong to this present age, carries the mark of this world which will pass, and she herself takes her place among the creatures which groan and travail yet and await the revelation of the sons of God.” That is why Christians pray, above all in the Eucharist, to hasten Christ’s return by saying to him:5 Marana tha! “Our Lord, come!”
672 Before his Ascension Christ affirmed that the hour had not yet come for the glorious establishment of the messianic kingdom awaited by Israel which, according to the prophets, was to bring all men the definitive order of justice, love, and peace. According to the Lord, the present time is the time of the Spirit and of witness, but also a time still marked by “distress” and the trial of evil which does not spare the Church and ushers in the struggles of the last days. It is a time of waiting and watching.
673 Since the Ascension Christ’s coming in glory has been imminent, even though “it is not for you to know times or seasons which the Father has fixed by his own authority.” This eschatological coming could be accomplished at any moment, even if both it and the final trial that will precede it are “delayed.”
674 The glorious Messiah’s coming is suspended at every moment of history until his recognition by “all Israel,” for “a hardening has come upon part of Israel” in their “unbelief” toward Jesus. St. Peter says to the Jews of Jerusalem after Pentecost: “Repent therefore, and turn again, that your sins may be blotted out, that times of refreshing may come from the presence of the Lord, and that he may send the Christ appointed for you, Jesus, whom heaven must receive until the time for establishing all that God spoke by the mouth of his holy prophets from of old.” St. Paul echoes him: “For if their rejection means the reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance mean but life from the dead?” The “full inclusion” of the Jews in the Messiah’s salvation, in the wake of “the full number of the Gentiles,” will enable the People of God to achieve “the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ,” in which “God may be all in all.”
So, we believe these signs will accompany Jesus' return which is, among other things, why we cannot accept anyone claiming to be the Second Coming of Christ when all around us the world is in a state of war, injustice, evil, oppression, disbelief and defiance of God. If this is God's kingdom on earth, then we are in serious trouble.
As for Islam, the reasons are different. Christianity and Judaism are intrinsically linked. From the Christian perspective, the New Testament is hidden in the Old, and the Old Testament is revealed in the New. The story of salvation history for the Christian cannot be separated from Jewish history and Jewish Scriptures, including the Torah. The Christian prophets are the Jewish prophets. Jesus is a descendent of the House of David, through Mary, a virgin, as prophesied by Isaiah. Our Lord and Savior was a Jew. The first Christians were Jews. The foundation of the Church was Jewish.
As you are no doubt aware, while worshipping the God of Abraham, Islam stops short of claiming worship to the God of Abraham, Issac and Jacob. Islam claims that Ishmael, rather than Isaac, was the child of promise, but as Genesis tells us, God promised a child through Sarah (Isaac), not Hagar, the mother of Ishmael.
"And the Lord visited Sarah as He had said, and the Lord did for Sarah as He had spoken. For Sarah conceived and bore Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which God had spoken to him. And Abraham called the name of his son who was born to him, whom Sarah bore to him, Isaac." (Genesis 21:1-3)
Isaac later begot Jacob, the father of the twelve tribes of Israel, and the Messiah (Jesus Christ), eventually came into the world through the nation of Israel, which we believe fulfilled the covenant which God had made with Abraham.
So Islam splits with Judaism early on. Muslims believe that God's covenant promises were meant for Ishmael's descendants, not Isaac's. Muhammad descended from Ishmael and so Muslims seek to lay claim to these covenant promises. Christianity, necessarily, must agree with the Jewish position as Jesus' genealogy has everything to do with the many of the prophesies he fulfilled, one of which is that the Messiah would be from the House of David. If Isaac was not the child of promise then Christ is not the Messiah. And it goes even deeper than this. If he was not the Messiah then he was a liar and a fraud. As you can see, the ramifications are profound.
These are very fundamental differences in belief which contradict each other, and not in some superficial way, but in the very foundations of the respective religions. As the Baha'i faith grew out of Islam, these issues affect it and its relationship, doctrinally, with Christianity as well. In short, both Ishmael and Isaac cannot both be the child of promise, therefore both Judaism and Islam cannot both be the true religion. This, among other things, is why I have great difficulty in giving them the same level of doctrinal and theological equivalence. The Jewish Scriptures, and therefore the Christian Scriptures, simply do not comport with the Islamic position.
In short, there is no reason that acceptance of the Torah by Jews or Christians would translate into acceptance of Muhammad or Baha'u'llah. Especially for Christians who believe that Jesus is the fulfillment of the Torah.
Sorry for the long post, and I hope I have come even close to answering your question.
God bless you, Maryamr.